Well quite a bit, apparently, if you want to adopt a child.
Russia is not the first country to ban adoption by same-sex couples. Indeed, many countries have taken measures to prohibit adoption by gay or lesbian couples. For the past several years, the top sending countries (the country of origin for the child being adopted) have been fairly consistent: China, Ethiopia, Russia, South Korea and the Ukraine. Both China and Ethiopia expressly ban adoption by homosexuals. Other countries, such as South Korea and the Ukraine, have long required that a couple be married to adopt. However, since the legal recognition of same-sex marriage has been on the rise, many sending countries have amended their laws such that they no longer simply require that a couple be married, but they also mandate that the marriage be between a man and a woman, thus resulting in an implied ban on gay and lesbian adoption.
Prior to the proposed Russian law, Russia was the only one of the top five sending countries that did not have an express or implied ban on same-sex adoption. Once this law passes and is signed into law (which is expected early as this week), none of the top five sending countries will permit adoption by same-sex couples or by lesbian or gay singles. The Russian law, however, is even more discriminatory than that of the other countries in that it does not permit adoption by any single person from country that permits same-sex marriage regardless of the person's sexual orientation. In other words, even single heterosexuals are banned from adopting if from a nation where same-sex marriage is legal. However, if the individual is a citizen of a county that has not legalized same-sex marriage, he or she would still be eligible to adopt. Even China, whose intercountry adoption laws have often been cited as the most stringent in terms of parental eligibility, recently began permitting adoption by single women (previously only married couples were permitted to adopt and marriage was defined as between a man and a woman) regardless of their nationality.
So, it seems that every time the rights of 1% of the population is expanded, the rights of a much larger percentage, and a particularly vulnerable percentage, i.e., children and parents seeking to adopt, is reduced.
This is from The Daily Journal, June 24, 2013.